After a mastectomy process for breast cancer, a number of women choose for surgical reconstruction. As stated at the breastcancer.org, 75% of women who underwent mastectomy carry on undergoing reconstruction of one or both breasts. A number of women who have lumpectomies also decide to have reconstruction in order to obtain a sense of balance to their breasts. It stays an individual option, though, and there are different processes that show accessibility. Women must discuss with their physicians to help them make a decision regarding the breast cancer reconstruction options suitable for them. As an overview, here are some of the alternatives you have in this regard.
Option #1: Breast Implants
There are two distinctive types of breast implant methods available which involve: one-stage immediate breast reconstruction and two-stage delayed reconstruction. The immediate breast reconstruction takes place along with mastectomy; the surgeon substitutes the removed breast tissue using a breast implant.
The two-stage delayed reconstruction normally takes place once the chest wall tissues and skin have turned out taut and even, as stated by the American Cancer Society. The tissue expander substitutes the breast, and after more than a few months, a doctor injects salt-water solution into the expander to enlarge the skin and tissues. As soon as the skin had enlarged sufficiently, the surgeon eliminates the expander and substitutes it with an implant. A number of women have the expander as the long-lasting implant.
Option #2: TRAM Flap and DIEP Flap Procedures
TRAM or transverse rectus abdominis muscle flap reconstruction includes obtaining tissue, fat and muscle from the wall of the lower abdomen, as stated at the breastcancer.org. A doctor subsequently glides it up beneath the skin to the breast region, and forms it into a breast contour, prior to stitching it into place. In view of the fact that this process denotes shifting a minimum of one muscle from a woman’s abdomen to the chest, her abdomen may exhaust certain potency. Preceding surgical process to the abdominal region might portray a TRAM flap procedure impractical, if an important tissue was removed beforehand. A DIEP or deep inferior epigastric artery perforator flap shows close to a TRAM flap, but doctors do not eliminate abdominal muscles, and as a substitute, fat and skin are totally eliminated from the abdomen and place into the chest region.
Option #3: Latissimus Dorsi Myocutaneous Flap
The latissimus dorsi flap process utilizes tissue from the back. Breastcancer.org illustrates this process as including a portion of the skin, fat and latissimus dorsi muscle that a surgeon glides from end to end a channel to the breast region. The surgeon subsequently makes a natural appearing breast and stitches it into the breast region. Blood vessels stay connected, but if slashed, the surgeon will reconnect them. Because of lack of additional fat in this region of the back, this surgery shows excellence for women with little to average sized breasts. The UCLA Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery assert that lots of patients require implants beneath the muscle once it is shifted to provide the breast volume and bulge.
Option #4: Nipple/Areolar Reconstruction
Upon creation of a new breast load, a number of women opt to have a nipple and areola formed as well. Doctors execute this by means of utilizing tissue removed throughout the reconstruction, and the coloring of the areola is performed utilizing stable tattooing to make it look more genuine. As stated by the UCLA, nipple reconstruction normally takes place two to three months following the first breast reconstruction and is an outpatient type of surgery.
These breast reconstruction options, when looked at intently, may pose some dangers especially if you are not aware of how the process works. It is then best to always ask the opinion of experts before undergoing one.